Regional Cooperation Needs Resuscitation at Mekong Summit
Wednesday, 2 April, 2014

Leaders Must Take Stand Against Mainstream Dams

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: On Saturday, the Prime Ministers of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam, are expected to meet for the 2nd Summit of the Mekong River Commission (MRC) in Ho Chi Minh City. The Summit comes at a critical moment when regional cooperation and the Mekong River are on the brink of collapse. Laos is unilaterally moving forward with the construction of the Xayaburi and Don Sahong dams on the Lower Mekong mainstream, while disregarding its responsibilities to the 1995 Mekong Agreement and repeated calls from neighboring countries for further study and consultation. Regional leaders must use this Summit to demand the immediate halt to construction on these projects and the cancellation of further plans to build dams on the Mekong mainstream.
Kampong Cham turns away Don Sahong protest
Tue, 1 April 2014

While hundreds of Cambodians were granted permission to protest against Laos’s controversial Don Sahong dam over the weekend, authorities in Kampong Cham weren’t very accommodating, activists and officials said yesterday.

Four hundred activists made their way along the Mekong River by longboat through Kratie province’s Sambor district and Stung Treng province’s Thala Barivat district near the Cambodian-Lao border on Saturday and Sunday in protest of the planned multimillion-dollar dam.

Environmental groups oppose controverial Laos dam on eve of regional summit [Thanh Nien News, 31.03.14]
Environmental groups oppose controversial Laos dam on eve of regional summit Monday, March 31, 2014 15:29, Thanh Nien News

Leading non-governmental organizations issued a joint declaration on Monday protesting against the ongoing construction of the Xayaburi dam on the Mekong River mainstream, the WWF said in a statement.
The organizations also called on the Thai government to cancel the Power Purchase Agreement relating to the controversial hydro-power project.
The declaration, signed by 39 international and national NGOs and civil society groups, including International Rivers and WWF, comes ahead of this week’s Mekong River Commission (MRC) Summit, attended by Heads of Government from the four Lower Mekong countries -- Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand.

Opposition Grows to Laos' Mega Dams Ahead of Summit[Cambodia Daily, 31.03.14]
Leading conservation groups on Sunday issued a joint declaration opposing the construction of Laos’ controversial Xayaburi hydropower dam as communities in northeastern Cambodia staged protests on Saturday against the project, which experts say could harm millions of people living downstream.

The joint declaration, signed by 39 environmental groups, comes ahead of this week’s Mekong River Commission (MRC) summit in Ho Chi Minh City during which high-level delegations from Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand will address the impact of dam development on the Lower Mekong region.

Protesters take to the Mekong River in Stung Treng province on Saturday to demand a halt to Laos’Don Sahong dam project, which they say will impact the livelihoods of people living along the river. (Lyda Ngin)

The Xayaburi dam is the first of 10 proposed dams on the mainstream Lower Mekong River and the Lao government, despite fierce resistance from Cambodia and Vietnam, has pushed ahead with its development, making it a test case for the MRC’s goal of achieving regional consensus before dam-building goes ahead.

“[T]he Xayaburi hydropower project in Lao PDR is one of the potentially most damaging dams currently under construction anywhere in the world” and “constitutes the greatest trans-boundary threat to date to food security, sustainable development and regional cooperation in the Lower Mekong River basin,” the declaration says.

Amid mounting evidence that the dam will cause irreversible damage to biodiversity, fish stocks and human livelihoods, the signatories have set a one-year deadline to achieve a halt on construction so that the MRC’s study on the potential long-term effects of large-scale dams can be completed.

“The Mekong Summit is the critical moment for Cambodia and Vietnam to take a strong stance and make their concerns heard loud and clear before it is too late,” Kraisak Choonhavan, former chairman of Thailand’s Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, said in the statement.

The groups are also calling on Thailand to pressure Laos by pulling out of its agreement to purchase most of the electricity generated by the Xayaburi dam, and asking the consortium of six Thai banks financing its construction to reconsider the effect on their reputations of bankrolling a potentially devastating project.

Laos has also announced that a second mainstream dam, the 256-MW Don Sahong dam—just 1.5 km from the Cambodian border —will also go ahead without regional consultation, despite the fact that studies have shown it threatens the entire ecosystem of the Lower Mainstream Mekong by blocking the only channel in southern Laos that allows year-round fish migration.

Communities Take to the River

On Saturday, more than 200 protesters in Stung Treng province took to the Mekong River in boats to draw attention to the danger the Don Sahong dam presents to local communities and wildlife, such as the critically endangered Mekong River dolphin.

Villagers—including students and local officials—gathered at Preah Romkil pagoda in Thal Borivat district at 8 a.m. and traveled by boat to an area of the river inhabited by the dolphins, according to Vong Kosal, a legal officer for NGO Forum, which last week drafted a petition calling for the immediate halt of the dam.

“We are collecting thumbprints from all participants and will send them to the [Cambodian] government to convey our concerns with the other heads of states at [MRC] summit in Vietnam,” Mr. Kosal said.

A separate protest on Saturday in Kratie province saw another 200 people board 42 boats in Sambor district for a seven-hour journey to raise alarm among communities living along the Mekong River.

“We have prepared an open letter and will send our message to the four countries attending the summit to stop construction of the [Don Sahong] project,” said Sam Sovann, executive director of the Northeastern Rural Development Organization.

Elsewhere, Some 200 ethnic Chong villagers in Koh Kong province’s Areng Valley will today submit a petition to the provincial government office as part of an ongoing protest against the imminent construction of the Stung Chhay Areng dam.

Development of the dam by Chinese company Sinohydro (Cambodia) United Ltd., local environmental groups argue, will lead to hundreds of evictions and require the flooding of thousands of hectares of land, including areas of the Cardamom Protected Forest considered sacred to the Chong.

“The villagers want the general public to know that their ancestral land is threatened by the development of this dam,” said Ing Kongcheth, provincial coordinator for rights group Licadho.

“They want the dam project canceled—the damage it will cause if it goes ahead is huge.”

NGOs set one-year deadline to stop Xayaburi dam
Bangkok, Thailand -; Leading non-governmental organisations (NGOs) today issued a joint declaration in opposition to on-going construction of the Xayaburi dam on the Mekong River mainstream, and called on the Thai Government to cancel the Power Purchase Agreement relating to the controversial hydropower project.

The declaration, signed by 28 international and national NGOs and civil society groups, including International Rivers and WWF, comes ahead of this week’s Mekong River Commission (MRC) Summit, attended by Heads of Government from the four Lower Mekong countries. The Summit will address challenges facing the Mekong River Basin and regional cooperation.


[添付]: 6-1.pdf (224KB)

Hundreds protest Laos dam
Mon, 31 March 2014

Stung Treng province, Phnom Penh Post

Yin Vuth, one of hundreds of Cambodians who protested against the Don Sahong dam over the weekend, said that if construction on the project in Laos goes ahead, the fish will disappear, and once the fish disappear, the dolphins will be next.

The Natural Environment in the Mekong Basin
The Mekong River is an international waterway that begins in the Tibetan Plateaus and flows through the Mekong Delta into the South China Sea, and it is second only to the Amazon in aquatic biodiversity (Peterson and Middleton 2010). Along with 850 species of fish, there are 20,000 species of plants, 430 animal species, 1,200 bird species, and 800 reptile and amphibian species that live there (Thompson 2008). The entire river basin is 795,000 km2 and has a length of 4,909 km (MRC 2000: 5).
トランジション―ラオス 森の変遷と暮らし

トランジション―ラオス 森の変遷と暮らし

Forests have supported human life. People have lived in harmony with the forests, respecting the spirits of the land. But changes in Laos are beginning to change people's relationships with the forest.

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